Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Science


Medical Biophysics

Collaborative Specialization

Musculoskeletal Health Research


Holdsworth, David W.

2nd Supervisor

Teeter, Matthew G.



In the clinical setting, weight-bearing static 2D radiographic imaging and supine 3D radiographic imaging modalities are used to evaluate radiographic changes such as, joint space narrowing, subchondral sclerosis, and osteophyte formation. These respective imaging modalities cannot distinguish between tissues with similar densities (2D imaging), and do not accurately represent functional joint loading (supine 3D imaging). Recent advances in cone-beam CT (CBCT) have allowed for scanner designs that can obtain weight-bearing 3D volumetric scans. The purpose of this thesis was to analyze, design, and implement advanced imaging techniques to quantify image quality parameters of reconstructed image volumes generated by a commercially-available CBCT scanner, and a novel ceiling-mounted CBCT scanner. In addition, imperfections during rotation of the novel ceiling-mounted CBCT scanner were characterized using a 3D printed calibration object with a modification to the single marker bead method, and prospective geometric calibration matrices.