Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Health and Rehabilitation Sciences


Dr. Heather Laschinger

Second Advisor

Dr. Michael Leiter


The purpose of this study was to examine structural empowerment and burnout as correlates of organizational citizenship behaviours directed at the organization (OCBO) and peers (OCBI) using Kanter’s (1977, 1979) structural empowerment theory. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were employed to test the hypothesized relationships. The final sample included 897 participants from five hospitals in Ontario and Nova Scotia who returned surveys. The regression model predicting OCBI accounted for 5.4% of the variance {F=l .444, p < .001), with efficacy (P=.253,/? < .001) as the only significant predictor. The model predicting OCBO accounted for 15.5% of the variance (F= 23.91,p < .001) with age (P = .147,/? < .001), empowerment (p = .119,/? < .001), cynicism (P = -.114,/? < .01), and efficacy (P = .244,/? < .001) as significant predictors. These results link Kanter’s (1977,1979) empowerment theory to burnout and OCB.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.