Date of Award
Master of Engineering Science
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Dr. Weiming Shen
Dr. Hamada H. Ghenniwa
Indoor localization techniques based on wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been increasingly used in various applications such as factory automation, intelligent building, facility management, security, and health care. However, existing localization techniques cannot meet the accuracy requirement of many applications. Meanwhile, some localization algorithms are affected by environmental conditions and cannot be directly used in an indoor environment. Cost is another limitation of the existing localization algorithms. This thesis is to address those issues of indoor localization through a new Sensing Displacement (SD) approach. It consists of four major parts: platform design, SD algorithm development, SD algorithm improvement, and evaluation.
Platform design includes hardware design and software design. Hardware design is the foundation for the system, which consists of the motion sensors embedded on mobile nodes and WSN design. Motion sensors are used to collect motion information for the localizing objects. A WSN is designed according to the characteristics of an indoor scenario. A Cloud Computing based system architecture is developed to support the software design of the proposed system.
In order to address the special issues in an indoor environment, a new Sensing Displacement algorithm is developed, which estimates displacement of a node based on the motion information from the sensors embedded on the node. The sensor assembly consists of acceleration sensors and gyroscope sensors, separately sensing the acceleration and angular velocity of the localizing object. The first SD algorithm is designed in a way to be used in a 2-D localization demo to validate the proposal.
A detailed analysis of the results of 2-D SD algorithm reveals that there are two critical issues (sensor’s noise and cumulative error) affecting the measurement results. Therefore a low-pass filter and a modified Kalman filter are introduced to solve the issue of sensor’s noises. An inertia tensor factor is introduced to address the cumulative error in a 3-D SD algorithm.
Finally, the proposed SD algorithm is evaluated against the commercial AeroScout (WiFi-RFID) system and the ZigBee based Fingerprint algorithm.
Yang, Fujun, "Indoor Localization Based on Wireless Sensor Networks" (2011). Digitized Theses. 3406.