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Using stainless steel (SS) reinforcement can mitigate colossal corrosion damage inflicted to reinforced concrete (RC) structures worldwide. However, there is still dearth of studies on the seismic behavior of SS-RC structures. Hence, quasi-static tests were carried out in this study to explore the seismic performance of three RC frame edge joint specimens reinforced with SS having strength grade of 500 and one control RC specimen made with grade 400 normal steel. RC edge frame joints reinforced with ordinary steel and SS exhibited similar bending-shear failure patterns at the beam root. The load bearing capacity of the SS-RC edge fame joint specimens was greater than that of the control ordinary steel specimen. SS-RC specimens BJD-1, BJD-2 and BJD-3 had 66.7%, 33.3% and 25% higher cracking load capacity than that of the control specimen BDJ-4, respectively. The yield load increased by 54.5%, 42.3% and 50.4%; while the ultimate load increased by 22.3%, 35.2% and 16.8%, respectively. The yield and ultimate displacements of the specimens were both larger, while the displacement ductility coefficient was smaller, than that of the control specimen. In addition, the energy dissipation and equivalent viscous damping coefficients of the SS reinforced specimens BJD-1, BJD-2 and BJD-3 in both the cracking and yield stages were all greater than that of the control specimen BDJ-4 but were slightly lower in the limit stage. Generally, SS-RC specimens met design code ductility requirements under earthquake loading, with adequate plastic deformation. A constitutive relationship for SS rebar was proposed in this study and used to conduct finite element simulations of the tested specimens. Good correlation between simulation and experimental results was observed. Thus, a parametric study was conducted to numerically investigate the influence of the axial compression, longitudinal and hoop reinforcement ratios on the seismic behavior of SS-RC joints. The findings could provide insight and guidance for future design provisions of concrete structures reinforced with stainless steel.
Citation of this paper:
Xu, C, Nehdi, Moncef & Youssef, Maged & Zhang, Lei. (2021). Seismic performance of RC beam-column edge joints reinforced with austenite stainless steel. Engineering Structures. 232. 1-14. 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.111824.