Location

London

Event Website

http://www.csce2016.ca/

Description

Steel liquid storage tanks in the form of truncated cones are commonly used as containment vessels for water supply or storing chemicals. A number of failures have been recorded in the past few decades for steel liquid tanks and silos under wind loading. A steel conical tank vessel will have a relatively small thickness making it susceptible to buckling under wind loads especially when they are not fully-filled. In this study, a wind tunnel pressure test is performed on an elevated conical tank in order to estimate the external wind pressures when immersed into a boundary layer. The tested tank configuration represents combined conical tanks where the cone is capped with a cylinder. In addition, the effect of terrain exposure and wind speed on the pressure values and wind forces is assessed. The mean and rms pressure coefficients are presented for different test cases in addition to the mean and rms total drag forces that are obtained by integrating the pressure coefficient over the tank model’s surface. It is found that the total mean and rms drag forces are highly-dependent on Reynolds number which is a function of wind speed and they have a maximum value at mid-height for the lower cylinder, at top for the conical part, and at bottom for the upper cylindrical part.


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Jun 1st, 12:00 AM Jun 4th, 12:00 AM

NDM-536: EFFECT OF WIND SPEED AND TERRAIN EXPOSURE ON THE WIND PRESSURES FOR ELEVATED STEEL CONICAL TANKS

London

Steel liquid storage tanks in the form of truncated cones are commonly used as containment vessels for water supply or storing chemicals. A number of failures have been recorded in the past few decades for steel liquid tanks and silos under wind loading. A steel conical tank vessel will have a relatively small thickness making it susceptible to buckling under wind loads especially when they are not fully-filled. In this study, a wind tunnel pressure test is performed on an elevated conical tank in order to estimate the external wind pressures when immersed into a boundary layer. The tested tank configuration represents combined conical tanks where the cone is capped with a cylinder. In addition, the effect of terrain exposure and wind speed on the pressure values and wind forces is assessed. The mean and rms pressure coefficients are presented for different test cases in addition to the mean and rms total drag forces that are obtained by integrating the pressure coefficient over the tank model’s surface. It is found that the total mean and rms drag forces are highly-dependent on Reynolds number which is a function of wind speed and they have a maximum value at mid-height for the lower cylinder, at top for the conical part, and at bottom for the upper cylindrical part.

http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/csce2016/London/NaturalDisasterMitigation/26