Exploring Assessment Tools and the Target of Intervention for Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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PURPOSE: We reviewed current practice for children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) using research evidence and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Characteristics of children with DCD can be described at the levels of body function (impairments), whole body movements (activities) and involvement in life situations (participation).
SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Descriptive instruments measuring the extent of motor impairments or activity limitations can be used to: (1) identify children who might benefit from intervention; and (2) determine the optimal type of intervention and model of service delivery. Evaluative tools that measure activities or participation, but not primary impairments, should be used to determine change over time. Commonly used measures for describing children with DCD and evaluating outcomes are reviewed and discussed in the context of the ICF framework. Intervention approaches are then outlined for children with DCD that are targeted to the levels of activity, participation, and prevention of secondary impairments.
CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of children with DCD will be optimized with the use of current research evidence and the appropriate ICF level guiding both assessment and intervention.