Physiology and Pharmacology Publications

Title

A quadrantic bias in prefrontal representation of visual-mnemonic space

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2018

Journal

Cerebral Cortex

Volume

28

Issue

7

First Page

2405

Last Page

2421

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.1093/cercor/bhx142

Abstract

© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Single neurons in primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dLPFC) are known to encode working memory (WM) representations of visual space. Psychophysical studies have shown that the horizontal and vertical meridians of the visual field can bias spatial information maintained in WM. However, most studies and models have tacitly assumed that dLPFC neurons represent mnemonic space homogenously. The anatomical organization of these representations has also eluded clear parametric description. We investigated these issues by recording from neuronal ensembles in macaque dLPFC with microelectrode arrays while subjects performed an oculomotor delayed-response task. We found that spatial WM representations in macaque dLPFC are biased by the vertical and horizontal meridians of the visual field, dividing mnemonic space into quadrants. This bias is reflected in single neuron firing rates, neuronal ensemble representations, the spike count correlation structure, and eye movement patterns. We also found that dLPFC representations of mnemonic space cluster anatomically in a nonretinotopic manner that partially reflects the organization of visual space. These results provide an explanation for known WM biases, and reveal novel principles of WM representation in prefrontal neuronal ensembles and across the cortical surface, as well as the need to reconceptualize models of WM to accommodate the observed representational biases.

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