Early signs of metabolic syndrome in pediatric central nervous system tumor survivors after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation and radiation.
Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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PURPOSE: Cancer survivors treated with stem-cell transplant (SCT) and radiation therapy are at a high risk for late effects including the metabolic syndrome. This study reviewed the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumor survivors treated with autologous SCT and craniospinal radiation.
METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study in pediatric CNS tumor patients, who underwent a one-time evaluation at least 18 months post-autologous SCT for the presence of components of metabolic syndrome: obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and abnormal glucose levels.
RESULTS: Twelve patients were evaluated, and two (16%) met full criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Seven patients (58%) had at least one component of metabolic syndrome: elevated glucose levels in 8% (1/12), obesity 17% (2/12), hypertriglyceridemia 17% (2/12), and reduced HDL cholesterol in 25% (3/12). None had hypertension. Nine patients (75%) demonstrated abnormal fasting lipid profiles with elevated total cholesterol levels, although only 25% (3/12) fulfilled criteria for a diagnosis of dyslipidemia.
CONCLUSION: Pediatric CNS tumor survivors treated with autologous SCT and craniospinal radiation are at risk for early signs of metabolic syndrome, most commonly hyperlipidemia. Further studies evaluating the progression of these early signs to full criteria for the metabolic syndrome diagnosis are required.