Cardiomyocyte specific overexpression of a 37 amino acid domain of regulator of G protein signalling 2 inhibits cardiac hypertrophy and improves function in response to pressure overload in mice
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
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Regulator of G protein signalling 2 (RGS2) is known to play a protective role in maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure via its ability to inhibit Gq- and Gs- mediated GPCR signalling. We previously demonstrated that RGS2 can also inhibit protein translation and can thereby attenuate cell growth. This G protein-independent inhibitory effect has been mapped to a 37 amino acid domain (RGS2eb) within RGS2 that binds to eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B). When expressed in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, RGS2eb attenuates both protein synthesis and hypertrophy induced by Gq- and Gs- activating agents. In the current study, we investigated the potential cardioprotective role of RGS2eb by determining whether RGS2eb transgenic (RGS2eb TG) mice with cardiomyocyte specific overexpression of RGS2eb show resistance to the development of hypertrophy in comparison to wild-type (WT) controls. Using transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in a pressure-overload hypertrophy model, we demonstrated that cardiac hypertrophy was inhibited in RGS2eb TG mice compared to WT controls following four weeks of TAC. Expression of the hypertrophic markers atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and β-myosin heavy chain (MHC-β) was also reduced in RGS2eb TG compared to WT TAC animals. Furthermore, cardiac function in RGS2eb TG TAC mice was significantly improved compared to WT TAC mice. Notably, cardiomyocyte cell size was significantly decreased in TG compared to WT TAC mice. These results suggest that RGS2 may limit pathological cardiac hypertrophy at least in part via the function of its eIF2B-binding domain.