This document describes the Ontario Infant Hearing Program’s (IHP) protocol for universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) of newborns and infants. It overrides all previous protocols on this subject provided by the IHP. The primary audience for this protocol is those who conduct newborn hearing screening within the IHP. All newborn and infant hearing screening funded by the Ontario Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services (MCCSS) must be carried out in full accordance with this protocol. It is based on continuous review of the best available scientific and clinical evidence and expert consultation complemented by consultation and collaboration with other major Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs in Canada and worldwide.