Pathogenesis of urinary tract infection in the elderly: the role of bacterial adherence to uroepithelial cells
Journal of Endourology
URL with Digital Object Identifier
This review focuses on the biomaterials used in urology, in particular, the properties of urethral catheters and ureteral stents currently being used in clinical practice. The importance of biomaterial type, biocompatibility, and encrustations are discussed and explained. Current management of bacterial infection and the importance of biofilms are presented, with recommendations based on published information.