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Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology





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Background and objectives: Increased plasma total homocysteine is a graded, independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. More than 90% of patients with end-stage renal disease have hyperhomocysteinemia despite vitamin supplementation. It was shown in previous studies that a single intravenous dose of mesna 5 mg/kg caused a drop in plasma total homocysteine that was significantly lower than predialysis levels 2 d after dosing. It was hypothesized 5 mg/kg intravenous mesna administered thrice weekly, before dialysis, for 8 wk would cause a significant decrease in plasma total homocysteine compared with placebo. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Patients with end-stage renal disease were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous mesna 5 mg/kg or placebo thrice weekly before dialysis. Predialysis plasma total homocysteine concentrations at weeks 4 and 8 were compared between groups by paired t test. Results: Mean total homocysteine at 8 wk in the placebo group was 24.9 μmol/L compared with 24.3 μmol/L in the mesna group (n = 22 [11 pairs]; mean difference 0.63). Interim analysis at 4 wk also showed no significant difference between mesna and placebo (n = 32 [16 pairs]; placebo 26.3 μmol/L, mesna 24.5 μmol/L; mean difference 1.88). Multivariable adjustments for baseline characteristics did not alter the analysis. Plasma mesna seemed to reach steady-state concentrations by 4 wk. Conclusions: It is concluded that 5 mg/kg mesna does not lower plasma total homocysteine in hemodialysis patients and that larger dosages may be required. Copyright © 2008 by the American Society of Nephrology.



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