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It is widely acknowledged that the military alliance between the United States and France, established in 1778, was largely responsible not only for a number of American victories over the British, but also for the end of the Revolutionary War. While much has been written about this topic as well as the events that occurred between 1777 and 1778 which led to the alliance, far less is known about the factors that took place in 1775/1776 that contributed to the initial need for the alliance as well as the factors that surrounded the culmination, signing, and the final acceptance of the alliance.


A slightly modified version of this material will appear in the Journal of the American Revolution.