Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Dr. Lyndon J. Brown


In this thesis, two advanced implementations of the internal model principle (IMP) are presented. The first is the identification of exponentially damped sinusoidal (EDS) signals with unknown parameters which are widely used to model audio signals. This application is developed in discrete time as a signal processing problem. An IMP based adaptive algorithm is developed for estimating two EDS parameters, the damping factor and frequency. The stability and convergence of this adaptive algorithm is analyzed based on a discrete time two time scale averaging theory. Simulation results demonstrate the identification performance of the proposed algorithm and verify its stability.

The second advanced implementation of the IMP control theory is the rejection of disturbances consisting of both predictable and unpredictable components. An IMP controller is used for rejecting predictable disturbances. But the phase lag introduced by the IMP controller limits the rejection capability of the wideband disturbance controller, which is used for attenuating unpredictable disturbance, such as white noise. A combination of open and closed-loop control strategy is presented. In the closed-loop mode, both controllers are active. Once the tracking error is insignificant, the input to the IMP controller is disconnected while its output control action is maintained. In the open loop mode, the wideband disturbance controller is made more aggressive for attenuating white noise. Depending on the level of the tracking error, the input to the IMP controller is connected intermittently. Thus the system switches between open and closed-loop modes.

A state feedback controller is designed as the wideband disturbance controller in this application. Two types of predictable disturbances are considered, constant and periodic. For a constant disturbance, an integral controller, the simplest IMP controller, is used. For a periodic disturbance with unknown frequencies, adaptive IMP controllers are used to estimate the frequencies before cancelling the disturbances. An extended multiple Lyapunov functions (MLF) theorem is developed for the stability analysis of this intermittent control strategy. Simulation results justify the optimal rejection performance of this switched control by comparing with two other traditional controllers.