Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Thesis Format

Integrated Article

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Program

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Supervisor

Moschopoulos, Gerry

Abstract

Power electronics is the field of electrical engineering that uses power semiconductor devices along with passive elements such as inductors, capacitor and transistors to convert electrical power that can be generated by a source to a form that is suitable for user loads. The main focus of this thesis is on the development of new DC-DC and AC-DC topologies that are based on three-phase DC-DC converters. Three-phase DC-DC converters take an input DC voltage, convert it into a high-frequency AC voltage that is then stepped up or down, then rectify and filter this voltage to produce an output DC voltage. They are implemented with a high-frequency three-phase transformer in their topology rather than a single-phase transformer. These converters are very attractive over other topologies that have a single-phase transformer in their topologies for several reasons. First, just one three-phase DC-DC converter can be used instead of using three DC-DC converters in parallel for particular applications; this advantage is especially attractive for higher power applications. In addition, by using three-phase DC-DC converters, the ripple of the source current is significantly reduced and that means less filtering is needed. Moreover, the components of the converter will have less current stress because current is split among three-phases.

In this thesis, new DC-DC and AC-DC converters that are based on three-phase DC-DC topology are proposed. The proposed converters use fewer active switches than other previously proposed converters of similar type, thus resulting in lower cost and simpler operation. For each of the proposed converters, its steady-state characteristics are determined by mathematical analysis and procedure for the design of key converter components is developed. The feasibility of each proposed converter has been confirmed with results that have been obtained from experimental prototypes. For one of the proposed converters, a comparison between the operation of one of the proposed converters operating with traditional silicon devices (Si) and that with the converter operating with new silicon-carbide devices (SiC) was made to examine its performance with both types of devices.

Summary for Lay Audience

Power electronics has a significant impact in a wide spectrum of electrical applications, from personal electrical devices such as cellphones and laptops to large industrial applications such as renewable energy and automotive applications. In general, power electronics is the field of electrical engineering that uses power semiconductor devices along with passive elements such as inductors, capacitor and transistors to convert electrical power that can be generated by a source to a form that is suitable for user loads. The input source can be utility voltage, a battery, solar panels, fuel cells, electric generators, etc. The load can be a motor, telecommunications equipment, medical equipment, a battery, etc. There are four basic types of power converters: -AC-DC, DC-DC, DC-AC and AC-AC- depending on whether the source is AC or DC and whether the load is AC or DC.

The main focus of this thesis is on the development of new DC-DC and AC-DC topologies that are based on three-phase DC-DC converters. These converters are very attractive over other topologies that have a single-phase transformer in their topologies for several reasons because the converter components have less stress, their input and output currents can be closer to being ideally DC, and they are less expensive to implement than three separate DC-DC converters. In this thesis, new DC-DC and AC-DC converters that are based on three-phase DC-DC topology are proposed. For each of the proposed converters, its steady-state characteristics are determined by mathematical analysis and procedure for the design of key converter components is developed. The feasibility of each proposed converter has been confirmed with results that have been obtained from experimental prototypes.

Available for download on Saturday, January 01, 2022

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