Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Raveendra Rao


Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system with a generalized Continuous Phase Frequency Shift Keying (g-CPFSK) mapper is considered which is used to introduce systematic correlation among the transmitted OFDM symbols. The correlation thus introduced is exploited at the receiver to enhance the physical layer performance of the system by using multiple-symbol observation detector. Three subclasses of g- CPFSK mapper, single-h CPFSK, multi-h CPFSK, and asymmetric multi-h CPFSK mappers, are considered; although the class of g-CPFSK mapper comprises of a large class of mappers. The resulting OFDM signals and their properties are examined. The Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) characteristics of these signals in conjunction with three PAPR reduction techniques, namely, Selective Mapping (SLM), Partial Transmit Sequence (PTS), and Clipping and Filtering (CF) are also investigated. Maximum Likelihood (ML) multiple-symbol detection of OFDM signals in AWGN is addressed and the structure of the optimum detector/demapper is derived using the criterion of minimum probability of Bit Error Rate (BER). Closed-form expression for BER of this detector is derived in terms of high-SNR upper and lower bounds. It is noted that BER is a function of: i) Eb=No, Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR); ii) parameters of the g-CPFSK mapper; iii) n, observation length of the receiver; and iv) M, number of levels used in the mapper. Finally, the performance of OFDM system with g-CPFSK mapper is evaluated over nonfrequency selective Rayleigh and Nakagami-m fading channels. It is shown that OFDM system with single-h and multi-h CPFSK mappers in conjunction with PTS technique can be designed to achieve PAPR reductions of 6.1 dB and 3.5 dB, respectively, relative to corresponding OFDM system with conventional BPSK mapper. However, when SLM technique is used, PAPR reductions of 1.6 dB and 1 dB, respectively, can be achieved. Asymmetric multi-h and multi-h CPFSK mappers in conjunction with CF technique can be designed to realize PAPR reductions of 4.1 dB and 2.5 dB, respectively, with 25% clipping. Optimum sets of mapper parameters for single-h, multi-h and asymmetric multi-h CPFSK mappers are determined that minimize BER of the system. It is observed that the optimum asymmetric multi-h and multi-h CPFSK mappers outperform BPSK mapper by nearly 2.2 dB and 1.4 dB, respectively, when 4- symbol observation length detector is used. However, it is noted that the complexity of the detector increases as a function of observation length and the type of mapper used. Closed-form expressions for BER performance of OFDM system with g-CPFSK mapper are derived over Rayleigh and Nakagami-m frequency-non selective slowly fading channels and the penalty in SNR that must be paid as a consequence of the fading is assessed and illustrated.