Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Doctor of Philosophy




Dr. Mitch Rothstein


This dissertation research sought to establish a complex understanding of the relationships between adversity severity, resiliency, mindfulness (and its mediating mechanism components: reperceiving, values clarification, exposure, cognitive-emotional-behvioural flexibility, and self-regulation). Through one cross-sectional (N = 914) and one repeated-measures study (Time 1 N = 1891; Time 2 N = 990) these relationships are investigated using online questionnaire batteries and assessed via multiple regression analysis. Initial findings demonstrated an effective, reliable, and valid assessment of adversity severity was developed and that this variable contributes to the experience of adversity and the resiliency process. Additional findings indicated the majority of the proposed relationships were found to reach levels indicating statistical significance. Evidence provided preliminary support for an integrated model of mindful-resilience that seems to describe phenomena that generalized beyond work-related adversity to a broad range of experienced adversity. Given the results obtained through the completion of this study it is argued that the parameters limiting the King and Rothstein model of resiliency be removed and that a new inclusive framework be adopted for applications requiring a comprehensive and more detailed understanding of mindful-resilient phenomena promoting health and wellness in the face of adversity. The impact of these findings with regards to individual and organizational wellness, post-traumatic growth theory, resiliency theory, and future research are discussed.