Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Science


Epidemiology and Biostatistics


Dr. Greta Bauer


This study examined how everyday living conditions known to influence health outcomes – social determinants of health – differ between transgender Ontarians and the general Ontario population. Previously collected data on social determinants, demographics, health, and health care from trans (n=433) and non-trans individuals (n=39980) living in Ontario were used. Standardized risk differences showed that significantly more trans individuals were underpaid and underemployed, unable to complete their post-secondary education, and had experienced food insecurity, social exclusion and unmet health care needs. Differences were largest comparing trans men to cisgender men of the same age distribution. Findings from this study identified where inequalities in social determinants were greatest for trans individuals and communities in Ontario; results may aid in the development of policies or interventions targeted at bridging the gaps between resources accessible for trans people and those available to the general populace.

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