Doctor of Philosophy
The main problem this thesis deals with is the characterization of profinite groups which are realizable as absolute Galois groups of fields: this is currently one of the major problems in Galois theory. Usually one reduces the problem to the pro-p case, i.e., one would like to know which pro-p groups occur as maximal pro-p Galois groups, i.e., maximal pro-p quotients of absolute Galois groups. Indeed, pro-p groups are easier to deal with than general profinite groups, yet they carry a lot of information on the whole absolute Galois group.
We define a new class of pro-p groups, called Bloch-Kato pro-p group, whose Galois cohomology satisfies the consequences of the Bloch-Kato conjecture. Also we introduce the notion of cyclotomic orientation for a pro-p group. With this approach, we are able to recover new substantial information about the structure of maximal pro-p Galois groups, and in particular on theta-abelian pro-p groups, which represent the "upper bound" of such groups.
Also, we study the restricted Lie algebra and the universal envelope induced by the Zassenhaus filtration of a maximal pro-p Galois group, and their relations with Galois cohomology via Koszul duality.
Altogether, this thesis provides a rather new approach to maximal pro-p Galois groups, besides new substantial results.
Quadrelli, Claudio, "Cohomology of Absolute Galois Groups" (2014). Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. 2600.