Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Engineering Science


Biomedical Engineering


Dr. Louis Ferreira


Total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is the third most common joint replacement. While robot-assisted hip and knee replacement technologies have enjoyed extensive development, this has been limited in the upper limb. This work focused on quantifying the localization accuracy of a robotic system, and evaluating its efficacy in the context of TSA.

A collaborative robot was fitted with a stylus tip to perform manual surface digitizations using the robot’s encoder output. In the first experiment, two precision-machined master cubes, representing the working volume around a glenoid structure, were used for system validation. Next, cadaveric glenoids were digitized and compared to a ‘gold standard’ laser scanner. Digitization errors were 0.37±0.27 mm, showing that collaborative robotics can be used for osseous anatomy digitization.

This thesis presents two novel concepts: 1) use of collaborative robotics for manually operated surface digitizing, and 2) optical fiducial technique, allowing registration between a laser scanner and stylus digitizer.