Master of Science
Dr. Donald H. Saklofske
Perfectionism is a multidimensional personality trait encompassing two higher-order dimensions: perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. People high in perfectionistic strivings rigidly and ceaselessly demand perfection of the self and hold unrealistically high personal standards. People high in perfectionistic concerns have overly negative reactions to perceived failures, nagging self-doubts, and excessive concerns over other’s expectations. Research suggests perfectionistic strivings are predominantly associated with positive psychological outcomes, whereas perfectionistic concerns are predominantly associated with negative psychological outcomes. Theory suggests differences in personal resiliency may account for the divergent psychological outcomes associated with perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. However, this contention has yet to be tested. It is currently unclear which perfectionism dimensions, if any, are uniquely associated with personal resiliency. The present study addresses this gap in knowledge. Perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns were hypothesized to correlate significantly with personal resiliency. In addition, personal resiliency was hypothesized to mediate the link between perfectionism dimensions and psychological outcomes. A sample of 425 undergraduates completed measures of perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, personal resiliency, negative emotionality, positive affect, negative affect, life satisfaction, and coping strategies. All hypotheses were supported. Personal resiliency appears to mediate the relationship between perfectionism dimensions and both positive and negative psychological outcomes.
Smith, Martin M., "The Perfectionism-Psychological Outcome Link: The Mediating Effect of Personal Resiliency" (2014). Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. 1943.