Master of Science
Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Dr. Amardeep Thind
Dr. Stewart Harris
Objectives: Certain Canadian subpopulations observe numerous modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for diabetes. This study compares immigrants and Aboriginals (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis) with Canada-born individuals at higher risks for diabetes, and deciphers the determinant differences between them.
Methods: Pooled Canadian Community Health Survey data (2001-2010) were used. Time trends for diabetes within each subsample were calculated using individual survey year prevalence rates; diabetes diagnoses were self-reported (N=33,565). Various risk factors were also examined using logistic regression.
Results: Diabetes prevalence rates significantly increased from 2001 to 2010 for each subpopulation, as well as the total sample: Canada-Born individuals (3.9% to 5.7%), Immigrants (5.0% to 8.5%), Aboriginals (5.4% to 7.4%), and Canadians overall (4.1% to 6.4%).
Conclusions: All Canadians, regardless of risk, experienced and will continue to experience a rise in diabetes. Future diabetes research involving the impact of race, culture, and ethnicity in Canadian immigrants should be holistically explored.
Taylor, Michael James, "Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus: a Comparative Analysis of Subpopulation Differences in a Large Canadian Sample" (2013). Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. 1490.
Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons, Demography, Population, and Ecology Commons, Endocrine System Diseases Commons, Epidemiology Commons, Health Services Research Commons, Inequality and Stratification Commons, Medicine and Health Commons, Other International and Area Studies Commons, Other Medicine and Health Sciences Commons, Other Public Health Commons, Public Health Education and Promotion Commons, Race and Ethnicity Commons