Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Science




Dr. Louise Milligan


Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) reduce white muscle glycogen (~14 µmol glucosyl units/g wet tissue) in response to exhaustive exercise. This reduction results in a small increase in muscle lactate (~9 µmol/g wet tissue) and a larger increase in muscle ethanol (~30 µmol/g wet tissue). Tissue-specific and whole-body measures of glycogen, ethanol and lactate confirm that ethanol is the major “anaerobic” glycolytic end-product. Additionally, while peak muscle and blood ethanol levels occur immediately post-exercise, the excretion of ethanol to the environment is delayed, occurring over a 30-minute period beginning ~105 minutes following exercise. As the total amount of ethanol synthesized in the white muscle does not account for that synthesized in the whole-body, it may be that the red muscle is also involved. The clearance and excretion of ethanol to the environment following exercise represents ~100% of the whole-body glycolytic pool used during exercise and therefore represents a significant carbon cost to the muscle’s glycolytic pool.