Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts




Dr. Kelly Olson


The objective of this research is to consider together the Roman imperial monetiform tokens of spintriae and tesserae by conducting a die-study of the two, to argue a function for these pieces that relies on evidence from production rather than aesthetics. This die-study has proved significant reverse die links and the simultaneous manufacture of these pieces as products of the officiai Roman mint, created for use as festival gift-tokens. Alongside the numismatic evidence these pieces were placed in their socio-historical context through an examination of their iconography and what it may illustrate about function and viewing context, as well as the use of tokens and counters in Roman society, presenting these pieces together as functioning artifacts of Roman social custom.



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