Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Engineering Science


Biomedical Engineering


Terry Peters


Although robot-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (RA-CABG) has gained more acceptance worldwide, its success still depends on the surgeon’s experience and expertise, and the conversion rate to full sternotomy is in the order of 15%—25%. One of the reasons for conversion is poor pre-operative planning, which is based solely on pre-operative computed tomography (CT) images. This thesis proposes a technique to estimate the global peri-operative displacement of the heart and to predict the intra-operative target vessel location. The technique has been validated via both an in vitro and a clinical study, and predicted the position of the peri-operative target vessel location with ~ 3.5 mm RMS accuracy in the in vitro study while it yielded ~ 5.0 mm accuracy for the clinical validation. As the desired clinical accuracy imposed by this procedure is on the order of one intercostal space (10 - 15 mm), our technique suits the clinical requirements. It is therefore believed that this technique has the potential to improve the pre-operative planning by updating peri-operative migration patterns of the heart and, consequently, will lead to reduced conversion to conventional open thoracic procedures.



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