Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Popular Music and Culture


Dr. Norma Coates



This thesis explores the way that music fandom has changed on sites like Twitter. It establishes a framework for understanding changes in the relationship between fan and performer, and introduces the term “dynamic fandom” to describe new ; possibilities for online fandom. My approach is influenced by Eve Sedgwick's discussion o f paranoid and reparative reading positions, and affect studies more generally. I demonstrate scholars' tendencies to read the fan/performer relationship in a paranoid way, and illuminate the problems with this approach. Through discussion of fan/performer interaction on Twitter, I illustrate the benefits of reading this relationship reparatively. I synthesize my observations to develop the idea of a fannish feedback loop: a mechanism with which fans process their affective relationships with performers. With this concept, I determine that an important difference between dynamic fandom and earlier modes of fandom resides in a change in fans' affective responses to performers.



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