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Copper (Cu) and stainless steel 316 L are widely used for biomedical applications, such as intrauterine devices and orthopedic/dental implants. Amino acids are abundantly present in biological environments. We investigated the influence of select amino acids on the corrosion of Cu under naturally aerated and deaerated conditions using a phosphate-free buffer. Amino acids increased the corrosion of Cu under both aeration conditions at pH 7.4. Cu release was also significantly (up to 18-fold) increased in the presence of amino acids, investigated at pH 7.4 and 37 °C for 24 h under naturally aerated conditions. Speciation modelling predicted a generally increased solubility of Cu in the presence of amino acids at pH 7.4. 316 L, investigated for metal release under similar conditions for comparison, released about 1,000-fold lower amounts of metals than did Cu and remained passive with no change in surface oxide composition or thickness. However, amino acids also increased the chromium release (up to 52-fold), significantly for lysine, and the iron release for cysteine, while nickel and molybdenum release remained unaffected. This was not predicted by solution speciation modelling. The surface analysis confirmed the adsorption of amino acids on 316 L and, to a lower extent, Cu coupons.