Title

Frontal eye field inactivation diminishes superior colliculus activity, but delayed saccadic accumulation governs reaction time increases

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-29-2017

Journal

Journal of Neuroscience

Volume

37

Issue

48

First Page

11715

Last Page

11730

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2664-17.2017

Abstract

Stochastic accumulator models provide a comprehensive framework for how neural activity could produce behavior. Neural activity within the frontal eye fields (FEFs) and intermediate layers of the superior colliculus (iSC) support such models for saccade initiation by relating variations in saccade reaction time (SRT) to variations in such parameters as baseline, rate of accumulation of activity, and threshold. Here, by recording iSC activity during reversible cryogenic inactivation of the FEF in four male nonhuman primates, we causally tested which parameter(s) best explains concomitant increases in SRT. While FEF inactivation decreased all aspects of ipsilesional iSC activity, decreases in accumulation rate and threshold poorly predicted accompanying increases in SRT. Instead, SRT increases best correlated with delays in the onset of saccade-related accumulation. We conclude that FEF signals govern the onset of saccade-related accumulation within the iSC, and that the onset of accumulation is a relevant parameter for stochastic accumulation models of saccade initiation.

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