Unshielded asymmetric transmit-only and endorectal receive-only radiofrequency coil for (23) Na MRI of the prostate at 3 tesla.
Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
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BACKGROUND: To develop and optimize radiofrequency (RF) hardware for the detection of endogenous sodium ((23) Na) by 3.0 Tesla (T) MRI in the human prostate.
METHODS: A transmit-only receive-only (TORO) RF system of resonators consisting of an unshielded, asymmetric, quadrature birdcage (transmit), and an endorectal (ER), linear, surface (receive) coil were developed and tested on a 3T MRI scanner. Two different ER receivers were constructed; a single-tuned ((23) Na) and a dual-tuned ((1) H/(23) Na). Both receivers were evaluated by the measurements of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and B1 homogeneity. For tissue sodium concentration (TSC) quantification, vials containing known sodium concentrations were incorporated into the ER. The system was used to measure the prostate TSC of three men (age 55 ± 5 years) with biopsy-proven prostate cancer.
RESULTS: B1 field inhomogeneity of the asymmetric transmitter was estimated to be less than 5%. The mean SNR measured in a region of interest within the prostate using the single-tuned ER coil was 54.0 ± 4.6. The mean TSC in the central gland was 60.2 ± 5.7 mmol/L and in the peripheral gland was 70.5 ± 9.0 mmol/L.
CONCLUSION: A TORO system was developed and optimized for (23) Na MRI of the human prostate which showed good sensitivity throughout the prostate for quantitative measurement of TSC.