Outcome following subluxation of mobile articulating spacers in two-stage revision total knee arthroplasty
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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© 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Introduction: Infection after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a severe complication. It is usually treated with two-stage revision and implantation of a cement spacer. Few studies describe the complications associated with a mobile articulating spacer. This study examined the subluxation of articulating antibiotic spacers in knees and correlated it with prospectively collected early outcome scores after implantation of a revision prosthesis. Methods: Staged revisions for 72 infected primary total knee arthroplasties between 2004 and 2012 were examined. The mean age of the patients was 70.2 ± 10.8 years, with 40 right and 32 left knees. Sagittal and coronal subluxation was measured using radiographs prior to second-stage revision and grouped to be within (Group 1) or outside (Group 2) one standard deviation from the mean. Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-12 (SF-12), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Knee Society Score (KSS) were obtained via patient-administered questionnaire. Statistical analysis was carried out to look at the correlation between subluxation and outcome. Results: Significant improvements were observed between the interim outcome scores prior to implantation of a revision prosthesis and scores obtained after second-stage revision. Debonding occurred in 5.6%, and one dislocation was found. Mean coronal subluxation was 4.8 ± 5.5% of the tibia width, in the lateral direction. Coronal subluxation did not affect SF12, WOMAC or KSS outcome scores. Mean sagittal subluxation was 6.1 ± 16.4% posteriorly. However, sagittal subluxation had a significant influence on Knee Society Scores, with Group 2 having a lower mean Knee Society Function Score of 39.3 than Group 1 (60.2) (p = 0.045). Sagittal subluxation did not affect SF12 or WOMAC scores. Conclusion: Sagittal subluxation of the knee may influence the early to midterm outcome scores following a staged revision TKA for infection.