Bone and Joint Institute

Does the Additional Articulation in Retrieved Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty Implants Decrease Trunnionosis Compared to Total Hip Arthroplasty?

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Journal of Arthroplasty





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© 2017 Background Trunnionosis at the modular head-neck taper interface in metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (MoP THA) has been shown to occur, and represents a potential mode of MoP THA failure. The purpose of the present investigation is to elucidate differences in fretting and corrosion at the head-neck taper interface of prostheses retrieved from bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BH) and MoP THA. Methods A retrieval analysis of BH and MoP THA prostheses featuring a single taper design from a single manufacturer and in vivo for a minimum 2 years was performed. Fifteen femoral heads of 28-mm diameter and corresponding femoral stems retrieved from BH were compared with MoP THA implants matched based on time in vivo and head length (28 mm, −3 mm to 28 mm, +8 mm). Fretting and corrosion damage scoring was completed under stereomicroscopic visualization. Results Femoral head bore tapers retrieved from BH exhibited decreased overall fretting (P =.02), when compared to those retrieved from MoP THA. Total corrosion scores for all retrieved implants were positively correlated with implantation time (ρ = 0.54, P <.02). Conclusion Femoral heads retrieved from BH exhibit decreased fretting damage compared to those retrieved from MoP THA. The added articulation in BH implants may decrease torque produced at the head-neck taper junction, thereby decreasing fretting. Increased fretting damage in implants from MoP THA is not associated with increased corrosion in 28-mm heads of this taper design. The longer a BH or MoP THA prosthesis is implanted, the greater the risk of damage due to corrosion.

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