Correlation of tibial bone defect shape with patient demographics following total knee revision
Journal of Orthopaedics
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© 2018 Prof. PK Surendran Memorial Education Foundation Background: Bone defects of the proximal tibia following revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are challenging to manage, but must be addressed to provide lasting stability. This paper will categorize tibial bone defects into shape groups and correlate resulting groups to patient demographic data. Methods: Retrospective analysis of four hundred and four patients post revision TKA between January 2005 and February 2014 was conducted. One hundred and eighteen met the inclusion criteria and were subcategorized by defect shape on their post-operative lateral and anterior-posterior (AP) radiographs. The subgroups of defect shape were subsequently analyzed with Fisher's exact test and one way ANOVA. Results: Trapezoidal shaped defects were the most common in both radiographic views, and the magnitude of the defect at the top joint line varied significantly amongst shape groups in both AP and lateral views. Trapezoid shaped defects were correlated with smaller defect top lengths in both views. There was no statistical correlation between defect shape BMI, TIV and reason for revision in lateral view. However, T-bilateral defect shapes were correlated with higher BMIs in AP view. Conclusion: A volumetric classification system of tibial defects is necessary for preoperative planning in revision TKA. Common tibial bone defect shape groups were identified and analyzed in AP and lateral radiographs after revision TKA. Trapezoidal defects were the most common, and all other shapes followed a pattern of proximal enlargement tapering distally. Trapezoidal defects were smaller than other shapes and AP T-bilateral shaped defects were correlated with higher BMIs.