Bone and Joint Institute

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Journal

Journal of Arthroplasty

Volume

35

Issue

1

First Page

272

Last Page

277

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.1016/j.arth.2019.07.046

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Background: There is controversy regarding the superiority of posterior-stabilizing (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and cruciate-retaining (CR) TKA. Substantial work has made comparisons between PS and CR TKA at follow-ups of less than 5 years. It was the goal of the present study to compare the kinematics at greater than 5 years postoperatively between CR and PS TKA, with a secondary goal of comparing patient function. Methods: A total of 42 knees were investigated, with equal representation in the PS and CR TKA groups. Patients underwent radiostereometric analysis imaging at 0°, 20°, 40°, 60° 80°, and 100° of flexion. Contact position, magnitude of excursion, and condylar separation on each condyle were measured. A Timed-Up-and-Go functional test was also performed by patients, with the total test time being measured. Preoperative and postoperative clinical outcome scores were also collected. Results: There were differences in contact position on both the medial and lateral condyles at multiple angles of flexion (P < .05). There was no difference (P = .89) in medial excursion; however, PS TKA had greater lateral excursion than CR TKA (P < .01). No difference (P > .99) was found in frequency of condylar separation. PS TKA was associated with faster (P = .03) total Timed-Up-and-Go test times. There were no differences in clinical outcome scores between the groups preoperatively or postoperatively. Conclusion: We found kinematic and functional differences that favor PS TKA. Our results suggest posterior cruciate ligament insufficiency in CR TKA, indicating that perhaps the cam/post systems in PS TKA better maintain knee kinematics and function long term.

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