Self-Regenerating Antimicrobial Polymer Surfaces via Multilayer-Design—Sequential and Triggered Layer Shedding under Physiological Conditions
Advanced Materials Interfaces
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© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Regeneration of materials properties through surface regeneration can extend the lifetime of devices and is still an emerging field of research. (Self-)regenerating antimicrobial polymer surfaces can help to fight biofilm formation and related bacterial infections. In this paper, four different polymer multilayer designs for the regeneration of antimicrobial surfaces by layer shedding are presented. The multilayer architectures consist of 100–200 nm thick, discrete polymer layers. They are made from poly(guanidinium oxanorbornene) networks as the antimicrobial component, and different interlayers made from degradable poly(adipic anhydrides), depolymerizable poly(ethyl glyoxylate), or water-soluble poly(acrylamide). Layer shedding is designed to occur after hydrolysis, dissolution, or depolymerization under simulated physiological conditions. The multilayer fabrication and disassembly is monitored by fluorescence microscopy, ellipsometry, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. By testing the antimicrobial activity of the restored surfaces, their functional integrity after layer shedding is confirmed.