Non-covalently functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube for topical siRNA delivery into melanoma
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RNAi can specifically regulate gene expression, but efficient delivery of siRNA in vivo is difficult while it has been shown that modified carbon nanotubes (CNT) protect siRNA, facilitate entry into cells and enhance transdermal drugs delivery. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) were functionalized non-covalently with succinated polyethyleimine (PEI-SA). In this study, the water soluble CNT, PEI-SA/CNT (IS/C) were isolated and characterized, the gene silencing induced by IS/C/siRNA complexes was achieved in vitro in B16-F10 cells. In vivo delivery was topically applied to shaved mouse skin, as well as topically to a C57BL/6 mice melanoma model. We found significant uptake of Cy3-labeled siRNA specific to Braf (siBraf) and gene silencing in the tumor tissue. Treatment with IS/C/siBraf resulted in attenuation of tumor growth over a 25-day period. This new delivery method has provided a new possibility for future siRNA delivery and therapy, which providing insight for the potential application and development of CNT-based siRNA delivery. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.