Bone and Joint Institute

Immunoglobulin V Sequences of Two Human Antiplatelet Monoclonal Autoantibodies Derived from B Cells of Normal Origin

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Journal of Autoimmunity





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Autoimmune thrombocytopenia has been attributed to the presence of antiplatelet autoantibodies which mediate platelet destruction. The derivation of these autoantibodies is presently unknown. While normal B cells do not produce these autoantibodies in vivo, it has been demonstrated in vitro by somatic cell hybridization that the B lymphocytes of non-thrombocytopenic individuals have the potential to produce antiplatelet autoantibodies. Antigen specificities of these antibodies are similar to those seen in autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura and the lupus anticoagulant syndrome. The immunoglobulin V region genes encoding two such human monoclonal antiplatelet antibodies, and anti-GP IIb (STO 171) and an anti-phospholipid antibody (STO 103) derived from tonsillar lymphocytes of a non-thrombocytopenic male, have now been sequenced.These antiplatelet antibodies were found to be encoded by unmutated germline VH and VK genes. The third complementarity determining region (CDR3) of the genes encoding both of these antibodies have unique D regions with evidence of N-nucleotide additions, and the light chain genes show VK-JK junctional diversity. STO 103 is encoded by the VH4 V71-2 germline gene and a truncated JH4 gene. The light chain gene showed closest homology with the VK4 Humk18 gene and JK2 gene. STO 171 showed closest homology with the VH4.18 germline gene and had a complete germline JH6 gene. The light chain of STO 171 is encoded by the VK3 Humkv325 germline gene, which is also used by some rheumatoid factors and cold agglutinins, and a JK4 gene. Although these antibodies were not derived from circulating B cells or found to be actively producing antibody at the time they were harvested, it is possible that naturally occurring antibody producing B cells, similar to those represented here, are recruited for the development of pathogenic autoantibodies in immune thrombocytopenia. © 1994 Academic Press. All rights reserved.

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