Bone and Joint Institute

A qualitative dominant mixed methods exploration of novel educational material for patients considering total knee arthroplasty

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Disability and Rehabilitation

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© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Purpose: To optimize non-operative management and decision making surrounding TKR we created educational whiteboard videos for patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was to pilot our educational videos with end-users (patients) to determine patients’ experiences and perspectives regarding the content and clarity of videos and to better understand their potential impact on patient’s health behaviour. Materials and methods: This was a mixed methods evaluation, using a qualitative descriptive approach, of patients attending their first consultation with an arthroplasty surgeon for TKR. We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with patients. Three members of the research team coded data independently, implementing a thematic analysis. Results: Thirteen participants were included. Participants indicated that the videos enhanced their confidence and clarity surrounding their decision to undergo TKR. The videos also addressed several knowledge gaps in their understanding of OA management. Barriers to uptake of the education were identified including limited access to PTs and the challenge of weight loss. Conclusions: The current educational intervention was valued by patients with knee OA. Implementation of these videos may have important implications for patients, providers, and our health care system.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Patients with knee OA referred by primary care physicians to arthroplasty surgeons have knowledge gaps that may influence their self-management and decision making surrounding their condition. Educational materials can address these gaps and support patients in their understanding and management of their condition, which may have important downstream implications. Barriers to accessing non-operative care including physiotherapy must be pre-emptively addressed to ensure that enhanced knowledge is met with improved access for patients.

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