Duration of surgery affects the risk of complications following total hip arthroplasty
Bone and Joint Journal
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©2019 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. Aims The aim of this study was to assess the influence of operating time on 30-day complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Patients and Methods We identified patients aged 18 years and older who underwent THA between 2006 and 2016 from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. We identified 131 361 patients, with a mean age of 65 years (sd 12), who underwent THA. We used multivariable regression to determine if the rate of complications and re-admissions was related to the operating time, while adjusting for relevant covariables. Results The mean operating time decreased from 118.3 minutes (29.0 to 217.0) in 2006, to 89.6 minutes (20.0 to 240.0) in 2016. After adjustment for covariables, operating times of between 90 and 119 minutes increased the risk of minor complications by 1.2 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1 to 1.3), while operating times of between 120 and 179 minutes increased the risk of major complications by 1.4 (95% CI 1.3 to 1.6) and minor complications by 1.4 (95% CI 1.2 to 1.5), and operating times of 180 minutes or more increased the risk of major complications by 2.1 (95% CI 1.8 to 2.6) and minor complications by 1.9 (95% CI 1.6 to 2.3). There was no difference in the overall risk of complications for operating times of between 20 and 39, 40 and 59, or 60 and 89 minutes (p > 0.05). Operating times of between 40 and 59 minutes decreased the risk of re-admission by 0.88 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.97), while operating times of between 120 and 179 minutes, and of 180 minutes or more, increased the risk of re-admission by 1.2 (95% CI 1.1 to 1.3) and 1.6 (95% CI 1.3 to 1.8), respectively. Conclusion These findings suggest that an operating time of more than 90 minutes may be an independent predictor of major and minor complications, as well as re-admission, following THA, and that an operating time of between 40 and 90 minutes may be ideal. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.