Characterization of silica-based and borate-based, titanium-containing bioactive glasses for coating metallic implants
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
URL with Digital Object Identifier
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Bioactive glasses have found applications in diverse fields, including orthopedics and dentistry, where they have been utilized for the fixation of bone and teeth and as scaffolds for drug delivery. The present work outlines the characterization of two novel titanium-containing glass series, one silica-based and one borate-based. For the silica-based series, titanium is added at the expense of silicon dioxide whereas for the borate-based series, it is added at the expense of boron oxide as confirmed by Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy. Amorphous structures are obtained for silica-based glass at 15 mol% TiO2 and for borate-based glasses at 0 mol% and 5 mol%, with low crystal peak intensities exhibited within the remaining glasses. MAS-NMR proves the role of P2O5 as a network modifier for both glass series by evidencing only Q0 structures (and Q1 structures for the silica-based glasses with crystal structures), whereas FTIR proves that Ti acted as a network modifier in the glass as there was an absence of peaks assignable to titanium bonding. This implies that the two glass series will degrade in-situ and release ions at the site of implantation. Additionally, thermal data sourced from these glasses indicate processing windows which make them suitable for enameling onto implants, with the borate-based series exhibiting greater processing windows over the silica-based series, hence making the borate glasses more suitable for coating metallic implants compared to their silica-based counterparts.