DOTMA-based amides (DOTMAMs) as a platform for the development of PARACEST MRI contrast agents
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A synthetic methodology leading to previously unknown DOTMA-based secondary amides (DOTMAMs) has been developed. Alkylation of cyclen with l-lactic acid-derived pseudohalides was used as a key step affording the alkyl- and aryl-decorated DOTMAMs. Amino acid-decorated DOTMAMs were obtained via peptide coupling between DOTMA and protected amino acids. Metallation of the DOTMAMs ligand with Tm3+ gave complexes exhibiting proximal amide proton based paramagnetic CEST effects at <-50 ppm relative to water.