Title

Utilization of Salvage and Systemic Therapies for Recurrent Prostate Cancer as a Result of 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT Restaging

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2021

Journal

Advances in Radiation Oncology

Volume

6

Issue

1

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.1016/j.adro.2020.08.010

Abstract

Purpose: Our purpose was to investigate the effect of the addition of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with recurrent prostate cancer post-primary radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: A prospective, multi-institutional clinical trial evaluated 2-(3-{1-carboxy-5-[(6-[18F]fluoro-pyridine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-pentyl}-ureido)-pentanedioic acid ( F-DCFPyL) PET/CT restaging in 79 men with recurrent prostate cancer post-primary radiation therapy. We report actual patient management and compare this with proposed management both before and after PSMA-targeted PET/CT. Results: Most patients (59%) had a major change in actual management compared with pre-PET/CT proposed management. The rate of major change was underestimated by immediately post-PET/CT surveys (32%). Eighteen patients with PSMA avidity in the prostate gland suspicious for malignancy had a prostate biopsy. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values of PSMA uptake in the prostate were 86%, 67%, and 92%, respectively. Thirty percent of patients had directed salvage therapy and 41% underwent systemic therapy. Eleven out of 79 patients (14%) had high-dose-rate brachytherapy alone for local recurrence, and 91% were free of recurrence at a median follow-up of 20 months. Conclusions: Most patients had a major change in actual management compared with pre–PSMA-targeted PET/CT planned management, and this was underestimated by post-PET/CT questionnaires. 18

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