Directed Acyclic Graph Continuous Max-Flow Image Segmentation for Unconstrained Label Orderings
International Journal of Computer Vision
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© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Label ordering, the specification of subset–superset relationships for segmentation labels, has been of increasing interest in image segmentation as they allow for complex regions to be represented as a collection of simple parts. Recent advances in continuous max-flow segmentation have widely expanded the possible label orderings from binary background/foreground problems to extendable frameworks in which the label ordering can be specified. This article presents Directed Acyclic Graph Max-Flow image segmentation which is flexible enough to incorporate any label ordering without constraints. This framework uses augmented Lagrangian multipliers and primal–dual optimization to develop a highly parallelized solver implemented using GPGPU. This framework is validated on synthetic, natural, and medical images illustrating its general applicability.