Automatic segmentation of the carotid artery and internal jugular vein from 2D ultrasound images for 3D vascular reconstruction

Document Type


Publication Date



International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery

URL with Digital Object Identifier



© 2020, CARS. Purpose: In the context of analyzing neck vascular morphology, this work formulates and compares Mask R-CNN and U-Net-based algorithms to automatically segment the carotid artery (CA) and internal jugular vein (IJV) from transverse neck ultrasound (US). Methods: US scans of the neck vasculature were collected to produce a dataset of 2439 images and their respective manual segmentations. Fourfold cross-validation was employed to train and evaluate Mask RCNN and U-Net models. The U-Net algorithm includes a post-processing step that selects the largest connected segmentation for each class. A Mask R-CNN-based vascular reconstruction pipeline was validated by performing a surface-to-surface distance comparison between US and CT reconstructions from the same patient. Results: The average CA and IJV Dice scores produced by the Mask R-CNN across the evaluation data from all four sets were 0.90 ± 0.08 and 0.88 ± 0.14. The average Dice scores produced by the post-processed U-Net were 0.81 ± 0.21 and 0.71 ± 0.23 , for the CA and IJV, respectively. The reconstruction algorithm utilizing the Mask R-CNN was capable of producing accurate 3D reconstructions with majority of US reconstruction surface points being within 2 mm of the CT equivalent. Conclusions: On average, the Mask R-CNN produced more accurate vascular segmentations compared to U-Net. The Mask R-CNN models were used to produce 3D reconstructed vasculature with a similar accuracy to that of a manually segmented CT scan. This implementation of the Mask R-CNN network enables automatic analysis of the neck vasculature and facilitates 3D vascular reconstruction.

This document is currently not available here.