Pulmonary functional magnetic resonance imaging: Asthma temporal-spatial maps
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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Hyperpolarized (3)He magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) previously revealed the temporal and spatial heterogeneity of ventilation defects in asthmatics, but these findings have not been used in treatment studies or to guide personalized therapy. Our objective was to exploit the temporal and spatial information inherent to (3)He MRI and develop image processing methods to generate pulmonary ventilation temporal-spatial maps that could be used to measure, optimize, and guide asthma therapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this proof-of-concept study, seven asthmatics provided written informed consent to an approved protocol and underwent spirometry and (3)He MRI on three occasions, each 5 ± 2 days apart. A registration and segmentation pipeline was developed to generate three-dimensional, temporal-spatial, pulmonary function maps. Briefly, (3)He ventilation images were segmented to generate ventilation masks that were coregistered and voxels classified according to their temporal behavior. This enabled the regional mapping of temporally persistent and intermittent ventilation defects that were normalized to the (1)H MRI thoracic cavity volume to generate persistent ventilation defect percent (VDPP) and intermittent ventilation defect percent (VDPI).
RESULTS: (3)He temporal-spatial pulmonary function maps identified temporally persistent and intermittent ventilation defects. VDP(I) was significantly greater in the posterior (P = .04) and inferior (P = .04) lung as compared to the anterior and superior lung. Persistent and intermittent ventilation defect percent were strongly correlated with forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (VDP(P): r = -0.87, P = .01; VDP(I): r = -0.96, P = .0008).
CONCLUSIONS: Temporal-spatial pulmonary maps generated from (3)He MRI can be used to quantify temporally persistent and intermittent ventilation defects as asthma intermediate end points and targets for therapy.
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This is an author-accepted manuscript of an article initially published by Elsevier. Final published version is available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2014.08.002