APOC1 T45S Polymorphism Is Associated with Reduced Obesity Indices and Lower Plasma Concentrations of Leptin and Apolipoprotein C-I in Aboriginal Canadians
Journal of Lipid Research
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Apolipoprotein (apo) C-I is a constituent of chylomicrons, very low density lipoprotein, and high density lipoprotein. The role of apo C-I in human metabolism is incompletely defined. We took advantage of a naturally occurring amino acid polymorphism that is present in aboriginal North Americans, namely apo C-I T45S. We assessed the hypothesis that metabolic traits, including obesity-related and lipoprotein-related traits, would differ between carriers and noncarriers of apo C-I T45S. A genotyping assay was developed for APOC1 T45S and genotypes were determined in a sample of 410 Canadian Oji-Cree subjects. The allele frequency of the apo C-I S45 allele was approximately 8% in this sample. We observed the apo C-I S45 allele was significantly associated with 1) lower percent body fat (P < 0.05), 2) lower waist circumference (P = 0.058), 3) lower serum leptin levels (P < 0.05), and 4) lower plasma apo C-I levels (P < 0.0001), using a newly developed ELISA-based method. Taken together, these results suggest that at the whole human phenotype level, apo C-I is associated with the complex metabolic trait of obesity as well as with serum leptin levels.