The Influence of Personality on Falling and Engagement in Daily Activities by Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of personality, confidence, health, and well-being on engagement in daily activities in 199 seniors (mean age 79 years) who were fallers or feared falling. Personality, particularly extroversion, was a major determinant of engagement in activities outside the house (p < 0.001). Within the house, confidence significantly influenced independence and was associated with formal home care provision (p < 0.001). Confidence was influenced by fear (p < 0.001), subjective health (p < 0.001), and personality (p < 0.01). An older adult's personality significantly influences the impact of falling and fear of falling on their lifestyle.