Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal

Article Title

Cognitive Appraisals and Attentional Biases in Social Anxiety Disorder


Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is maintained by two underlying maladaptive appraisals of negative social outcomes, which are a function of maladaptive self and interpersonal judgments. Maladaptive self-judgments pertain to the belief that the individual will perform inadequately while maladaptive interpersonal judgments pertain to the belief that others will negatively evaluate the individual. This paper examines recent research done on these judgments and discusses the implications it has for the treatment of SAD in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Evidence for attentional biases in SAD across behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies are also reviewed with a focus on the possibility for an attentional bias towards internal bodily sensations.

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