Liberal market capitalism permeates daily life and carries important social consequences for Canadian citizens. When social relationships between individuals are mediated by class position under a free market society, an interesting question about the relationship between individuals and society itself can be raised: does the amount of economic resources possessed by an individual influence their sense of belonging to Canada? This study examines Canadians’ economic positions, measured by annual personal income, as a determinant of their sense of belonging to Canada. It also investigates the role of known correlates of exclusion, such as being a victim of discrimination, having visible minority status, and being of a particular sex. Although this study finds weak support for a relationship between annual personal income and a sense of belonging to Canada, it determines that an overwhelming majority of Canadians feel a strong sense of belonging to their country regardless of their economic position.