Throughout a history of struggle the Métis have continually fought to be recognized as a distinct nation. An interesting perspective from which to examine the Métis nationhood is the use of Benedict Anderson’s theory of a nation as an ‘imagined community’. Anderson’s criteria state that a nation must be limited, have sovereignty, and provide a sense of community. An examination of Métis history demonstrates their right to nationhood under this theory. Through exclusionary terminology, a unique language, and conditional acceptance, the Métis identity remains separate from that of others. Military and political actions throughout their history demonstrate their constant quest for sovereignty. Finally, a set of inherited and invented cultural traditions brings the Métis together as a community. It is clear that under Anderson’s theory, the unity of the Métis throughout their turbulent past qualifies them as a distinct nation.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License