Treatment of Renal Transplant Complications with a Mesh Hood Fascial Closure Technique
The American Journal of Surgery
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Early renal allograft dysfunction may be caused by a number of technical factors including thrombosis, kinking of vessels, and a Page kidney situation in which the allograft is compressed within a shallow false pelvis and limited retroperitoneal space. Without early recognition, compromised graft function, obstruction, or graft loss may ensue. We describe a technique using a polypropylene-assisted mesh hood fascial closure (MHFC) to prevent and treat this potential complication. MHFC was performed both primarily to prevent this phenomenon, and secondarily to treat this complication. Between April 2001 and October 2002, 16 patients undergoing 17 renal transplants underwent MHFC. The mean recipient body weight was 17% less than the mean donor weight. The mean follow-up period was 9 months. The mean serum creatinine level after primary MHFC was 148.4 micromol/L. Three of 4 patients with early allograft dysfunction regained function after secondary MHFC and had a mean serum creatinine level of 155.3 micromol/L. Wound complications were seen in 5 (31%) patients with no wound or mesh infections and 1 patient was diagnosed with a lymphocele. We conclude that the use of mesh in the primary closure of the incision after renal transplantation is safe and has minimal complications.